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EIPH (Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Haemorrhage) is nose bleeding that is the direct result of extreme stresses that horses go through when pushed to the limits of their endurance levels.

The most popular belief is that bleeding is due to excessive pressure to the pulmonary blood vessels relative to the pressure in the alveoli in the lungs, (Alveoli are the gas exchange airspaces in the lung.) As exercise efforts increase, so does blood pressure in the lungs causing the small blood vessels to burst. This blood travels into the airways and appears at the nostrils.

Another theory proposes that the damage to the lungs results from lung trauma due to the impact of the front legs hitting the ground. The force at the hoof on impact is transmitted as a wave up the leg to the shoulder blades which impacts the chest wall and passes through the soft tissues of the lung.

The wave passes from the front to the back of the lung and causes microscopic shearing of the lung tissue that disrupts the lungs structural integrity and ruptures of blood vessels.


Finishing Last!

Whichever theory is the cause of lung trauma, the fact is that 74% of all horses displaying blood at both nostrils finished worse than midfield and of these, 49% finished last. Post race surveys have shown from 40% to 90% of horses showed some blood in their airways after racing.


Oxygen is the great "healer".

Increase oxygen prior and during races and times of extreme physiological stress and you can minimize damage done to lung tissue. And oxygen is absolutely necessary to provide the energy to repair damaged tissues, whether in the lungs, muscles or other organs.

 


NOTICE: This information is intended for educational purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Consult a qualified veterinarian before using any nutritional supplements on your horses.

This information may not be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, in whole or in part, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without prior written permission. 

Racing picture above is called “GALLOWAY & COMPANY”  from the Collection of Randy Galloway and Don Walker.

 

 

2009 H2O-BOO2ST AQUACEUTICALS